Stephen Joseph Theatre In The Round (1976 -1995)

This page features an introduction to and history of the Stephen Joseph Theatre in the Round (1976 - 1995). For details of the history of 'Westwood' - the former Municipal School - where the company was based during this period, click here.
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Artist's impression of the exterior of the Stephen Joseph Theatre in the Round, Scarborough.

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The interior of the Stephen Joseph Theatre in the Round
© Alec Russell

The need to move the company to a new home had been mooted since the early 1960s largely due to the lack of facilities at Theatre in the Round at the Library Theatre. However, it was only in the 1970s that a move became an imperative both in the company's desire to expand its operations and the public library's desire to claim back the space used by the company (further information about alternative considered venues for the theatre can be found here). Things came to a head in 1975, when Alan Ayckbourn recalls he was infamously told by the library that the concert room was needed for 'cultural purposes'!

The company had been seriously looking at different premises in Scarborough since 1967 but to no avail. The situation was made imperative when in early 1975, the Libraries Committee announced the company would no longer be welcome in Scarborough Library from January 1976. Unexpectedly, in October 1975, a solution appeared to have been found when Scarborough Town Council announced it had been secretly making plans for a new home for the company to be built at the cost of £500,000 on a car park across the road from the company's current home at the public library. Despite a short extension to summer 1976 by the library, the company still needed a temporary home and this was provided by North Yorkshire County Council with the offer of the ground floor of the former
Westwood County Modern School / Municipal School (colloquially known as Westwood), beneath the town's iconic Valley Bridge.

The company agreed and moved to Westwood in 1976 at an estimate cost of between £20,000 - £30,000 (It would actually cost £38,000) with the move completed as cheaply as possible as it was believed that Westwood would be a temporary home and that more funds would be needed soon for the move to a permanent home. The conversion from school to theatre took just a remarkable 60 days and concrete was still apparently being laid on the afternoon of the opening production's technical rehearsal! The 308-seat venue opened as Theatre In The Round At Westwood on 26 October 1976 with a revival of Artistic Director Alan Ayckbourn's
Mr Whatnot; one of the few plays by the playwright which had not premiered or previously been seen in Scarborough.

In a contemporary letter (1 May 1977), Alan joked about the rushed and makeshift nature of the space when he wrote: "Our new theatre isn't bad. Stephen Joseph would have approved the slightly DIY appearance, I think."

The acting space itself though, built and designed from the ground up, was an improvement on Theatre in the Round at the Library Theatre's space and set the template for the future. It was an approximate square with three voms (vomitoriums) or stage exits. Two in adjacent corners and one in centre of the opposite seating block (imagine a Y with the end points of the letter being the voms). There were five rows of seating and all access to the seats was via the stage through the centre vom. This space would be reproduced when the company moved to its new home 20 years later.

The original lease for Westwood was for just three years, but it soon became obvious there was not going to be a new permanent home for the company. By 1977, the town council indicated the escalating costs of the new building - apparently rising from £500,000 to £1m - meant it would no longer be prepared to build a new home (no explanation was given as to how costs had risen so dramatically in the space of just two years) and it was suggested the lease at Westwood be extended to allow time for the company to formulate new plans for a permanent home and to be able to apply for more funding. Still, no-one believed Westwood - which was essentially still a make-shift space - would be the long-term home for the company.

On 1 April 1978, the venue was renamed the Stephen Joseph Theatre In The Round in memory of its founder; a name that was initially planned for the new permanent home for the company. The following year, the Westwood lease was extended to 10 years and a grant of £105,000 from the local authority, English Tourist Board and the Arts Council offered an opportunity to make the building fit for purpose. A rehearsal room was finally created alongside a costume store, extra offices and other improvements including air conditioning in the main auditorium. With this, it appears to have been tacitly accepted Westwood would be the company's home for the foreseeable future and one shared with the town's technical college which occupied the basement floor of the building; during the early years it was not unusual for matinee performances to be disturbed by the sound of metalwork lessons taking places directly beneath the auditorium.

Facilities at Westwood were not as basic as at the Library, but were still not ideal. However, the space proved to be flexible - the discovery that the floor was concrete led to Alan writing the water-bound play
Way Upstream, working on the proposition that if the tank should split, the concrete floor would mean only the theatre would flood! Through clever design (and a lot of crawling), access through the stage was possible (if quite rare). The three-vomitorium design and back-stage run-round allowed a lot more flexibility too.

The development of Westwood over the years led to the creation of a kitchen area and cafe - which went through various itineration before settling on the name
The Square Cat - to supplement the bar which had opened in 1976 (entirely paid for by Alan Ayckbourn when it was discovered just prior to opening that no budgetary allowance had been allowed for a bar. Alan insisted it was unthinkable not to have a bar and loaned the money to have one installed). A small end-stage studio space was also created in 1977 and in which the world premiere of the extraordinarily successful play The Woman In Black was held in 1987.

During the 20 years at the venue, the company's programme substantially expanded and it became - to all intents and purposes - a year-round venue.
Touring was increased and saw the company undertake several extensive international tours in conjunction with the British Council. Lunchtime productions and concerts were introduced and proved to be very popular over the years; the lunchtime productions in the Studio also becoming the launching space for new writers, many of whom having had success in the studio graduated to full length productions in-the-round soon afterwards. The Theatre in the Round at the Library Theatre's strong relationship with the amateur community was largely sustained with frequent performances by many of the town's amateur communities and from 1977 to 1987, the popular Sunday night concerts highlighting established and up-and-coming regional musical talent.

Although the company largely flourished in its cramped and less than ideal quarters, its future was questioned in 1984 when a series of issues brought to light the still precarious nature of the company's position in Scarborough. The company had made a rare loss of £500 - which should not have had much impact. However, at the same time the Arts Council threatened to cut the theatre's subsidy and the town council refused another 10 year extension of the theatre's lease, claiming the building was far too valuable a property to be used as a practically permanent home for the Stephen Joseph Theatre In The Round. Artistic Director Alan Ayckbourn's response was simple and shocking, that the future of the theatre was on the line and he was prepared to take the company elsewhere, arguing there were many towns and theatres which would welcome both him and the company with open arms. The council relented and renewed the lease, although the Arts Council's budget cuts did lead to a slightly shortened season in 1985 and a production being cut from the schedule.

Whilst the company's future was secured for the short term, attention was once again focused on finding a new, permanent home for the company which yielded results in 1989, when Alan Ayckbourn suggested the recently closed Odeon cinema - one of Scarborough's most prominent landmarks - could become the new home for the theatre. The following year, a company was formed to secure the lease of the building and fund-raising began in earnest in 1993. After several delays, it was announced the company would leave Westwood in 1996 and finally, after 40 years, find a permanent home in Scarborough at the new
Stephen Joseph Theatre.

Article by and copyright of Simon Murgatroyd. Please do not reproduce the article or images without permission of the respective copyright holder.